Sunday, September 18, 2011

The Importance of Lighting in Film Production

Film has integrated the various elements of the story to change the script of life in a story on the screen. Among the technical elements - sound, lighting and editing - the lighting is a special role. In theater, the audience views the motion picture with synchronized audio track. All visual impressions on the viewer depends on how the proper lighting.

Although you can choose from a variety of kits available on the market of lighting conditions, but some of the basics, you can also build a working light kit using components commonly available and inexpensive. From a local hardware store you can buy the lights of metal reflectors, which are used in repair shops. These can be hung on a clip closed, and portable. You can use the bulbs the desired effect and color them.

The other extension is very useful, you must have a good stock of them. You need it, almost everywhere, but especially for lighting. You can also have an adjustable, said three-feet. These can be used to mount clips or lights with light diffusers. To have a white board to balance the white light, while the film will be something else useful to do. These can also be used as reflectors to bounce light on an object.

The last item in your toolbox will be a light diffuser. It is a kind of white see-through thin. To shed light on this issue on one side and diffuse, or shall we say, "spread" the light coming from the other side and the brightness. With this technique, the object does not seem too bright or "hot".
You should be aware that no light is always white and have different colors. Normally, you will discover when you begin using the camera. For example, if you draw a night in a room that has a tungsten bulb, the movie will be yellow. Similarly, the fluorescent light gives green. If you pull out, the effect of light is blue, especially if you shoot in a shadow.

If you want an impressive effect of natural light, hit the target when the sun goes down. The light at this time gives a wonderful light caramel color. But you have only minutes to complete your shot before the sun goes down. However, if you're smart and keep ready, you can take great pictures. You can use this time for your filming activities, particularly in the latter part of months of spring or summer of the year.

You might also like to learn the basics of 3-point lighting standards in place that is the standard technique used by camera men and photographers. As its name suggests, uses three lights for different purposes: the light shines first or main object is deleted the second light in the shadow of the first light, and a third light is used behind the subject to the incorporation of the dimension of object. You can adjust the lights to achieve the desired result you want. This technique of birth to three points, is widely used in different ways. So you may want to practice this technique and see how it works.


Saturday, September 17, 2011

Build Home Studio to Record Voice Over

Beraudiovisual’s friends, are you need to put a home studio to record the voice for home videos, indie/independent productions, film and more?

Do you have a computer with a sound card that can act as your DVR? Just add a little low-cost equipment and recording software on your PC, and can produce high quality recordings of voice easily and efficiently. What other equipment do you need?


To get your voice on your computer, you need a microphone. Do not use a bit of shit comes with your computer. High quality abundant cheap microphones and sound much better than that crap. For work in basic votes, I suggest that SM58 Shure SM57 is or. They are rugged, dynamic microphone that sounds good. The SM58 is ideal for female voice, as it reduces wheezing (Esses excessive) in some way. Men can choose from. The two microphones are available from music or audio equipment suppliers for less than Rp. 850.000. Also, get a microphone cable and a desktop computer a good position to hold the microphone while speaking.

Mic preamp.

Microphones put a small amount of electricity that the signal must be amplified. Sound card microphone preamplifier includes necessary. Unfortunately, like the cheapo mic that comes with the box, most of the mic preamps sound card is too noisy for serious work. If necessary you can use, but at least use a better microphone.
For the preamp, you can choose a small mixer to work with your microphone or a dedicated unit. Mixers essentially allows to connect several microphones and other devices (like a CD player) in one location and adjust their volumes independently. The Behringer mixer EURORACK MX602A between 6 microphone inputs, level control, and cost less than Rp. 500.000 Alternatively, two good choices for stand-alone mic preamps include DBX mini pre-tube preamp and the ART Tube MP Studio V3 preamp. Both are under Rp. 1.000.000 and available from the same sources mentioned above.

If you do not invest a lot of high-quality recording microphones, faulty, and your computer's audio interface. Two better choices are mic. For the purposes of pre-amplifier, select a device interface and preamp combination of audio, such as equipment Duo Edirol UA-5 or M-Audio.

Speakers and headphones.

While your computer speakers are adequate for recording, editing and finishing of basic laptops built to serve no purpose. Invest in some decent powered speakers, such as the Roland MA-8 micro monitors, and use them instead. Play back your recordings on a variety of stereo systems, car, etc. to control how they could be transferred to other environments. You can not listen to the speakers when you save, because they receive feedback when the microphone is on. Wear closed-ear noise that keeps leaking them to be picked up by the microphone.

Recording software.

Choose recording software with editing facilities to correct errors, the compilation of the best pieces, add music and / or sound effects, creating special effects, and deliver your finished voice tracks in the formats you need. A "light" version of a program of professional recording is Sonic Foundry, Sound Forge Studio.

Recording space in silence.

Its aim is to record a track clear, intimate voice, and that means keeping noise and the sound of the room outside the recording is finished. Professional recording in a sound booth specifically designed to keep noise and the sounds they make beautiful voice. These costs thousands of dollars and are a little more realistic for informal work. An article full, walk-in works as a taxi of his fortune, however.

Getting a good

The basic integrated sound card has three connectors: Mic-in, line and the line (or headphones) to the outside. Connect the device to connect the microphone to the mixer (or preamp), and connect the device to the output of the line sound card Connect the headphones, too. (If you have dedicted external interface that plugs into that. E 'connected to a computer via a USB port.)

Next, set the volume to a mixer (or preamp), using the controls and level meters. Start talking, watch his feet, and slowly turn up the volume until you get to almost 0 (zero), without going over.

Start the software that controls your sound card (it's usually the little speaker icon in the system tray). This is where you choose your recording source (LINE IN) and adjust its volume. Put this on 100% all the way up, and check your recording levels with your external mixer or preamp.

Start with audio recording software and get ready to save. Records mono, not stereo and CD quality (16 bit and 44kHz sample rate). You will notice that the audio software is not set the level of control, but do not rely on the meters when recording. Never, never more than 0 (zero) to a digital level meter. All this above the level of the distorted sound bad. He wants all the loud noise would fall below 0 for most digital well below the level (between -6 - 15 dB).

Mic technique

Greatly improve the sound recordings, closer to the microphone. The farther away from you, the more you earn the room around you. Your voice sounds thin and distant, like a movie at home. Closer, and your voice is intimate, the voice of the narrator prototype. Another advantage is closer to the microphone, you can increase the lower frequencies in your voice, and that can make the sound more powerful. How close? Put your lips 4-6 inches apart, about the width of your hand. Do not speak into the microphone. Instead, the position above the nose pointed down to his lips. Also, do not place the mic dead center of the lips. Move slightly to the right, for example, 20 degrees off axis. This leaves a clear understanding of the script, too.

Of course, finding their area of registration of any aircraft noise, such as computer fans. Put some distance between the microphone and the noise source. Also, avoid salty foods immediately before the recording session. It takes a little close to the warm water and apply some lip balm. They keep the mouth and lips lubricated. Eating a few slices of apple can help overcome the dryness of the mouth, too.

When you are ready to save, turning away from the microphone. Take a deep breath. Exhale. Take another deep breath. Open your mouth, back to the microphone and begin speaking. This technique eliminates the net consumption of smell and lip breathing, which often occurs when you start talking.

Speak slowly and clearly. You can always increase the recording during the editing stage. If you make a mistake, return to the closest phrase to start again and continue, even if you only one or two voice errors. Cut in a voice or phrase is difficult and does not seem natural.

Editing Records

There is no need to nail all in one take. Record the highest number of run-through, and the need to assemble the best of the last recording. Listen and evaluate what you did. Everything is there that you need? Sound good? It is the right level (not too low, does not distort)? Otherwise, go back and re-record the bits you need, listen, and repeat until you are satisfied.

Change the sound is like editing a voice processing program. You will not see the voices, but you can not see two-dimensional presentation of voices as sound waveforms. And you can hear the voices while playing. You can manipulate the waveforms as a move from voices on the Voice Processor. Cut, copy, paste all the techniques you're already familiar with the subject during audio editing.

Before you start editing, turn off the microphone, disconnect the headphones, speakers and go. It 'clear, to remove what is not necessary, as a clear his throat before he started talking, no talking between takes, strange voices, and so on. After removing the waste, to move towards improved performance. If you have several companies in the script, finding the best takes and build the last version of them.

Listen to the fundamental changes they make. I think that taking a long break, you can approach the records again with fresh ears. You can do better? The volume is constant? Do you hear noise, background noise or other unwanted parts could be eliminated or reduced?

After editing the voice, you can add sound effects or music to soften the last version. To add music with Sound Forge, open the music file on your audio software, select and copy to the clipboard. You may have to cut the music to match the duration of the voice recording in the first place. Next, place the cursor at the beginning of the voice recording and select Edit; Paste special blend. "Here you can control the level of the music (source) in connection with his voice (target). Ensure that the mixture again to ensure that you can listen to the recording of voice clearly with the background music.

As a last step, the use of software standardization process to maximize the volume of the audio recording. Select the entire signal and normalization of -0.10 dB (98.86%). Save this file in audio format you need, for example, MP3.

Now, you are ready to have a great voice over!

Friday, September 16, 2011

The Most Powerful Weapon of Filmmaker

The most important low-budget filmmaker is creative mind. It all starts with the original idea, there is a question of nourishment that thought until it grows to be a great idea. After that, it's something to this idea of making the film in every ounce of energy and resources, you may be able to bring up.

Movies are the most successful film festivals these days with films that were made in a fraction of the cost required to make a major Hollywood film studio. Technological advances have made that anyone can make a film. Film cameras, video cameras, sound recording equipment, and almost any other type of equipment you need to make a film can be bought at a very affordable price today. The computer that is available these days can provide a low-budget film with a very low production value that looks like James Cameron had something to do with the project. This professional look, along with a unique story can help any film likely to be accepted into film festivals such as Busan Film Festival, AVFEST (AVIKOM Festival), Toronto Film Festival, Sundance, etc.

Try as they might, the major Hollywood film studios never have a monopoly on creativity. They spend millions of dollars on search marketing in an effort to understand exactly what the audience of the film is the appearance of the world when they go to the films. Despite these efforts, we still have not found a formula. The tastes of the people going to the films are hard to predict how an earthquake is on the ground changes all the time. Because of this, the door remains open for creative professionals in the world to enter the game. All you need to do is come up with a unique idea that can turn into a film, enter your film in festivals such as Sundance, and then let the judges decide. While large studies have attempted to take over the festival circuit in recent years, provided the children with small, however, films are king creative in this realm.

It does not cost as much as you might think to make a film, that you can participate in competitions such as the Sundance Film Festival. Sony plans to release a line of high-definition camcorders that are perfect for those who want to make films with small budget. Even if the films are made of these cameras is described as a "film" (as the films were from the beginning), are (almost) seem to have been. These new cameras are able to provide high quality images, which is comparable to the image that the film offers. Two cameras are the PDW-F330 and PDW-F350, and offer all types of film properties, even the most faithful to the film a professional director to be respected. Both cameras offer true 24p recording in SD or HD, interval recording of shooting and recording a pair of lenses. F350 model also offers true variable frame rate recording which is also called "slow motion / fast motion" features.

Features like this are invaluable for anyone to make a low budget film, because it allows them to include motion effects in their films without the help of a cheap film camera or a film lab to high prices . Both cameras will be on the market in March 2006. The F350 costs about 25 000, while the F330 model will cost only about $ 16,000. PDW-F30 decks will be available in June through the 9000th These are small prices to pay to be a self sufficient independent filmmaker.

A filmmaker on a budget you can invest in an HD video camera and relatively cheap housing and have everything you need to make films as well as the mind and body can handle. All you need after a creative mind, a few thousand dollars, some friends of his actors and ambitious team, the screenwriting software such as Final Draft and a strong desire to make a film. They do not have to worry about the high cost of film, developing film, or film to DVD transfer. All you need is your camera and a $ 30 drive (23.3 GB) and will be filming an entire film. Buy a camera records is much cheaper than the films and buying all the baggage that comes with it financial.

When they shoot their film with one of these cameras, a filmmaker on a budget goes directly to their computer with the disk and start editing it using one of the many editing programs available that are affordable to our days such as Final Cut Pro. They can do all the work of post-production for their films on their computer at home as long as they are willing to take a load of the mother of their professional responsibilities.

Technology has made independent filmmakers to bypass many costly steps in the process of the film. Instead of paying a lot of people in millions of rupiahs an hour to film services are available only in cities like Jakarta and Bandung, they can now do all of these steps in the comfort of their own home on their own computer.

For anyone who has ever had a dream of making his own film, there's no better time than now to get there. The playing field was leveled in terms of technology, but also need a creative story to get anywhere on the festival circuit. Affordable equipment can be put down, but we must make a good game to win. A creative mind is your best player in this game, so if you have that part in charge of you are half way to make your vision a reality film. Feed your creative idea until it becomes a single script, then devote his life to making the script into a film. If your idea is as good as you think it is what you will do very well on the festival circuit. If this happens, could lead to a distribution agreement decent film. If you stick with it and keep making films that you can even find that you have made a career as a professional artist who makes independent films, and that dreams really can come true.


Thursday, September 15, 2011

10 Tips That Will Help To Make Your Short Film Better

Beraudiovisual's friends, here is a listing of some of the most essential factors to keep in mind when making a short film. Following these recommendations can help you prevent the more common problems. While these are just recommendations, they may almost certainly increase each your film as well as your filmmaking experience.

1.    Make sure you have a story worthy of informing
Could you sit through the short film when someone else had made it? The answer for the unexpected quantity of shorts isn't. Think about this problem even before you begin writing the set of scripts.

2.    Don’t start production without a budget
Films, it doesn't matter how easy, have a price -- and money is definitely restricted. Start by making sure you have a budget (a simple spread sheet may carry out), you are able to choose in advance where you desire to spend no matter what money you've. Without a price range, you are able to almost guarantee that you'll possibly waste your money as compared to you want, or perhaps end up without the completed film.

3.    Find all clearances before filming
You may need, need, NEED releases through actors, music/artwork contributors, and also someone else who creates content that will shows up in the film. Getting settlement signatures before the shoot is easy and takes you times. After the shoot, it may be hard to not possible. Don’t obtain caught, do it.

4.    Make the film shorter than you wish
Writer/directors usually generally leave things in the film that the viewers can definitely do without. It’s so distressing to cut away stuff that were difficult to shoot. Be sure to undertake it. Your viewers may thanks a lot.

5.    When you use non-professional actors, cast with character
In my opinion undesirable acting is really common in short films because people are usually requested to learn characters that don’t resemble their personalities. The dirt-poor professional actor or actress can easily depict the swagger and also confidence of the billionaire – but many newbees can’t. If your direct is an anal-retentive tightwad, don’t cast the slovenly shirker to learn him or her.

6.    Invest in great audio
Poor audio quality can make many short films (even ones with excellent stories) unbearable. There are no real substitutes to get a good boom mike. Beg, buy, or perhaps borrow one and it'll multiple the probabilities your film is going to be watch-able.

7.    Repair it right now, not in post-production
Without Digital Domain or WETA on your side, most post-production fixes don’t look/sound very good and take A Considerable time. If you have an error within framing, conversation, or perhaps other things that may be fixed on the shoot, do it!

8.    Don’t  zoom in a shot
Don’t touch that zoom button! A very excellent cameraman can produce a zoom look Fine. In almost all cases, though, using zooming is the characteristic of the depressing work. If you want to push in on the subject, work with a dolly, video camera glider, or perhaps a cut.

9.    Be aware of indie/video clip clichés
The most typical clichés include using fantasy sequences, a lot of dissolves/wipes, long credit sequences, or waking to a ringing alarm. There actually seem to be several sites devoted exclusively to citing indie/video clip clichés. Understand what the actual clichéersus are so you can create a smart option on whether to use them or not.

10.    Unless you’re filming on film, avoid night time exteriors
The dark is the enemy of all video cameras. You’ll become familiar with noise, color shifting, definition drop-out, and much more if you decide to shoot at night and not using a medium size equipment and lighting package. This’s commonly better to change the set of scripts than handle all these problems.

Are you ready to make a short film now? Yeah! Just Make It!

Wednesday, September 14, 2011

Overcome 10 DSLR Disadvantages

New Revolution for Film Maker
Since Nikon introduced D90 in August 2008 as the first DSLR camera that shoots video High Definition (HD), a silent revolution taking place in the production of media. At a fraction of the budget creative camera people are capable of producing high-quality recording is outstanding-all with the build-out stills camera for a total investment of $ 7,500. This is good news for a film maker!

Result of DSLR Video (Trailer of "SAVING BROTHER" Directed by Rio Simatupang

The Visual beauty of the depth of field
A shallow DoF allows you to focus on the subject, leaving the rest of the focus. This isolates the subject from the background and allows you as a movie maker control where you want the audience to put their attention. If all sharp, the Viewer could easily be led astray by details not relevant to the story. And it just seems amazing.
Working with a shallow DoF is not easy: topics that move implies that to keep shortly taken you to the focus ring (also known as focus always) to keep.

Top 10 DSLR disadvantages & how to overcome them
If there is not bad at all when it comes to this way of production of the video? You betcha! However, there are also a growing number of ways of their solution. Let's take a look:

Second camera DSLR suck in the recordings. Built-in mic is miserable and the camera does not feature professional XLR input. In addition, should determine the automatic gain control (AGC) in the next firmware upgrade and allows at least on the screen for manual control of the levels of dB. In addition, there is no way you can monitor the sound through headphones, the LCD is turned off when you set a limit on the Canon 5 D head AV (7 D has different plug).  But then again, audio recording has never been the subject of the project. Enter magnification. H4N handheld recorder provides a DSLR-shooter simple device which, supplanting the sound recording, allowing for up to four independent channels at the same time (1 x front and 2 crossing stereo XLR input external mics). Synchronization takes place on the positions of the signal reference, such as clap hands or Clapper boards at the front of the camera. You should therefore key to keep the audio recording on a DSLR for a sound reference. And if you are editing Final Cut or Sony Vegas, enter PluralEyes (too bad I'm on Adobe Premiere Pro). If you want to manually control the audio on the camera itself, Magic Lantern firmware hack may be an option.

First of all, a stills camera is built to maintain constant for about 1/60 of a second, not to register or for more than 24 frames per second (i.e. shooting movies). Enter The Zacuto. This Chicago-based company, founded by people with a history in camera work, one after the other cranks innovation that helps DSLR shooters to stabilize their photos. Also: enter CineKinetic (or Visual departures). Using Mini-or BabySaddle (or SteadyBag much cheaper) allows you to create stable pictures even while moving objects such as a car, train, tram, bike plan or air. For those who like to go: enter the Glidecam. And for those who are ready for more pictures of dolly: enter the GlideTrack and WallyDolly. However, be careful with the movement too quickly as chips CMOS sensor offer some jello effect (see below).

DSLR cameras beat any camcorder, when it comes to low-light situations, fair and square. Nevertheless, and this applies to any type of camera with sufficient and correct amount of light is critical to the final result. Various vendors have entered this arena, offering useful equipment at interesting prices. Enter Dedo Ledzilla and Litepanel micro.

In order to be able to judge sharpness, you need appropriate scenes. Because it is blocking the camera lens on a DSLR when entering live mode (i.e. required when shooting video), you need to see the details without scattering light from falling on the LCD screen. Enter (again) with the Zacuto Z Finder. Looking through the lens is not an option due to the position of the camera? There are alternatives such as the original 720 p LCD smalhed.

If you want to go to the shallow depth of field, you must open the iris on the camera. The stills camera this can easily lead to the exposure. Most photographers will be tempted to start to change the ISO or exposure time setting. The shutter must be stored in twice the frame rate, you shoot (e.g. 30 p – > shutter at 1/60, 24/25 p – > shutter at 1/50, 1/48 is not supported) to adhere to rules 180 degrees in film shutter. The best way to reduce incoming light: enter the neutral density filters from Singh-Ray (actually two circular polarization filters, merged into one). It gradually reduces the incoming light from 2 until 8 stops.

AVCHD Editing
DSLR cameras record in AVCHD format using the codec h. 264. Cineform Neoscene, creates intermediate format using wavelets to decipher those much needed intraframe image and reduces your CPU from having their calculation.

Rolling shutter or Jello effect 
In fact, this is a problem on most DSLR cameras. The effect occurs best when you pivot the camera quickly or enter part of fast moving objects. Solution: more slowly and in post speed not whip Pan – record. If this is not an option (such as you have people or moving objects in frame), exists to fix an after effects/Nuke plugin called RollingShutter. 

Compression against color
Although DSLR HD video sensor capable of recording full frames (35 mm) is used a lot of compression recording compact flash card. This means that the component video (4: 2: 2 or 4: 4: 4) are not normally available on the classification of the color and consist of a signal. This makes it difficult for color grading, chroma keying, Matte painting or Rotoscoping, enter more pain. However, the main classification of post-production color: enter the RedGiantSoftware. Using Magic Bullet looks makes it fast and efficient (or slow and comprehensively) of their shots. Philip Bloom explains. If you still want more: Cineform will help you through the process again to create a 4: 2: 2 intermediary file format. Not ideal but workable.

Recording the border
Limited to save on most DSLRs on the clock to five minutes for a single navigation. For what value from what I hear, this is something with the import restrictions. If they go beyond These products are not regarded as a stills camera, and a different tax categories. Another story tells that there is something to a 4 GB file size limit (partial support for 720 p will fix that). How do it in a comment there if you are recording live events, capturing most often is shorter than that of the most important things for the sake of coherence is to record sound correctly — you can fill in a gap in the post later with special ingredients, you kick before or after an event (or stills from a slide.) If you are recording a live presentation.

24/25 p and 30 p
To achieve this look cinema or film, recording video the way film is traditionally. The meaning of p 24 or full 24 frames per second. The planet is NTSC framerate 29, 97, while 25 in PAL markets. Snapshot initially thought players, you can change the world by going ar 30 (dadon, drop-frame) as a new standard for video. Erroneous. Because there are still way more TV cameras on the planet, this has been shown to be losing the battle from the outset. When matching to 30 pp 24 actually shooting slightly slow, or ask your output or combine frames. This gives a slightly notable visual effect, audio synchronization problems, as well as easily. Canon may be wrong, and start to correct it. D Canon 7 now supports different frame rates (24/25/50 in PAL)-24 30 60 in NTSC, while fixed long d 5 Mark II (hope?) is due for release in January 2010. Haya Canon, makes us more than happy!

The Conclusion of All
should go to DSLR or stay with (semi-) professional video device? My answer is that everything depends on what you're doing. The key is the comparison of time compared to the budget. Me, that work with DSLRs, as digital cinema, is probably better suited for those who have time to set things right, if only assured, are met, the disadvantages (read: check the subject of the audio and record sufficient background or set up noise!). Without stabilization device and manual audio recording may not be the best DSLR camera and when Obama wants to meet in the press for a quick interview. You may want to shoulder-mounted ENG camera to it. A typical price points, however, are not within the budget of most people. So, if no time is of the essence, with improved DSLRs is very, very attractive alternative.
Going to make you fly on DSLRs and filmmaker? No, because it takes a lot of practice, knowledge, talent and learning. Since recently WIRED correctly, "it may be expensive DSLRs, but talent is priceless". However, with at least the possibility of taking beautiful pictures, and more people started shooting (and actively promotes the Canon), high-quality content (even for 1080p) Web site that looks like it was created by using professional cinema equipment in explosive growth expected. And that's exactly what I business.

Beraudiovisual's friends, what about you?


Monday, September 12, 2011

Know The Hands Signal of Floor Manager / Floor Director

Floor Manager
The Floor Manager / Floor Director remains in the TV Studio during production through headphones. Are in direct communication. Bidirectional control room Director. Normally, the talent can not use the headset and does not receive instructions directly from the Director. It is the responsibility of the Floor Manager / Floor Director acts as a liaison between the Director and talent.
Since it is not practical to entrust talent orally during production, the Floor Manager / Floor Directorstands or kneels next to the camera that talent to speak and uses a system of hand signals to relay instructions of director . Although any system signal hand understandable from the floor manager and talent would work, it is recommended that you use the internationally accepted system shown in the picture.
The basic hand signals, both floor manager / Floor Director and talents must understand are listed in the following text.
1. Stand by
For a hand signal to  "stand by " floor Manager / Floor Director raises his hand and arm at the beginning of the Show or when additional subdivision.
2. Cue.
For the hand of "start talking" or "begin," the floor manager / Floor Director raises his hand and points to the talent.
3. Cut.
For the hand-signal to  "cease talking " or  "stop action, the floor manager / Floor Director pulls his hand " in his throat in a cutting motion.
4. Stretch.  
For a direct reference to  "stretch"  "it or slow down," Director floor pulling his hands together as if stretching a rubber band. The amounts are longer than the time when call manager puts his hands far apart at the end of the proposal extends; shorter time amounts when call manager puts his hands closer together.
5. Speed up.
The hand signal to "talk faster," the head of the section rotates his arm and hand clockwise in circles above his head. Speed refers to the urgency of the time.
6. OK.
For the hand signal, that "everything is in order, " the floor Manager / Floor Director is a circle with his thumb and index finger.
7. 30 seconds to go.
 The hand signal, which is 30 seconds remaining in the show segment, the floor manager / Floor Director forms the letter T in both hands.
8. 15 seconds to go
There are 15 seconds of the Show remained in the segment, and talent is doing text wraps to the hand/signal, resulting in a punch to floor Manager / Floor Director creates a movement by grabbing.
9. Speak more softly.
For hand signal to "speak more slowly" floor manager / Floor Director raises the Palm of the hand to his mouth.
10. Speak up
For a hand signal to  "speak,  ' floor Manager / Floor Director cups his hand to ear.
11. Speak or look at this camera
For the hand signal to "speak or look at this camera," floor management refers to the on-camera in his hand in the air. Waving pen motion from one camera to another, change the declarations of the talent leader is another must-air camera shot.
Floor Manager Hands Signals

Accurately and discreet when you send a signal tool. Don't spread your arms frantically in the air-this is a special MEW and mimic ability.

During the television production studio floor is usually a maze of lighting and camera cables, which may impede the movement of the camera and also be a security risk. The head of the Division must ensure that the cables are securely stored or located. In addition, he should find out from the camera operator and Director of the how much camera movement is expected.
If you cut to the talent and then cue them, you will see them waiting to begin or see action spring into life.  Cue them too early before cutting and action has begun already.  Wrong cueing leaving talent confused.  If they are finished with their piece, and you have not cut away to the next shot, they may stand there with egg on their face, so to speak, asking for ad lib or just grin!
Hand Cues or hand signals given by the Floor Manager / Floor Director by hand, are the standard method of tracking to start or stop.  Make sure that your signals can be seen by the talent and is included.  If necessary, Hand Cues basic to explain before the broadcast. Do not assume that they know what you are doing, particularly with inexperienced talent.
there are 28 signals that you have to recognize, for more pictures you can download it here.


Sunday, September 11, 2011

Edit a Package of Television News

Reporters used packages of news to tell a story. Format pieces are longer than the rest of the news. Weave the reporter voice, video, gaudy and natural sound to start the Viewer. It s an opportunity for the reporter and photographer and Publisher to be creative.

Editing tapes and cassettes

1. get you will edit/tape, whether to paint the tape Pack reporter  or bar work. Lay count descending.
2. wait for the reporter to save tape and audio tapes, scripts, ask him for his sound track. Too
3 Set your roll by order of the beginning to end. This means all audio, if it one SOT or nat sound or voice of the reporter trail.
4. push the audio channel 1 (A1) and video channel 1 buttons (V1). Decrease channel 2 completely. Set the audio levels so that channel 1 remains consistent.
5. set the dot on bridge records. Cue up the deck to play wherever you want. Set the in point and out point on the bridge play. Hit Edit.
6. continue to the next piece of audio and video. Continue until the entire package itself.
7. edit your b-roll now. Change the audio to two channels on the A2 to the audio. Fill in all the black hole with video

Nonlinear editing

1. Load the video editing system. If editing in Edius, for example, you will be eating real time.
2. get a script by the reporter. It would be logged in the video and sound bites.
3. listen to music, each sound reporter  "Take" as its own picture in a bin or drag it each time leave space between for this other video, go to edit quickly.
4. Drag the piece of the opening video from bin and drop it on the line. Trim it to the desired length. Continue with each piece of video, Butting them to each other.
5. adjust the volume. Keep low channel 2, unless it's  break natural sound.
6. Refine by adding transitions, such as package dissolves or wipes. Expand the last image in the video, padding. This keeps it from going into the black.


Saturday, September 10, 2011

Know The Duties of Television Presenter

Television presenters, also called the home team, working in a variety of formats of the show. They act as masters of ceremonies for the awards, host variety shows and game shows, interviewing guests talk show and insert content and programming. Sometimes also report the news, but are not the same as anchors or reporters , positions that require a specific training of journalism.


Moderators TV need not special degree or certificate. However, people who are interested in the profits in this area of study, broadcast, television production  and radio and journalism at the college level. Competition is high for TV host workstations; formal training often gives candidates an advantage over competitors.


According to the skills required for the presenter vary, but the most important attribute is the individual. Developing compassion and trust along with being comfortable in front of the camera helps resource site for spectators. In addition, television personality/presenter has excellent verbal and written skills, pleasant voice, good diction and ability to understand the technical aspects of production.


Because they read the script and the main express thinking and made comfortable talking television arm of the improvisation. How does the program work during a live broadcast tasks to the "how to save and know that Air personalities need to be familiar about themselves. Topics of research and interviews tv servers meet, professional knowledge is required.


The broadcasting sector is politically subdivided into markets; It depends on the size of a marketplace at and for how many viewers it attracts. For example, is New York one of the largest broadcasting markets because it has a dense population and a high percentage of draws viewers. The larger the market, the higher the wages a TV presenter. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported the average wage of 2009 for a television or radio announcer was $ 40,050. It may take years to find a position in a market in major media such as TV hosts tend to remain in his job and the percentage of sales is lower.

Considerations reports continued slow but steady decline in the availability of radio hosting job. With the slow decline in stiff competition field, education and work experience that gives aspiring speakers feature when looking for a job. proposes to start smaller market gain experience and learn the ropes and television broadcasting, while grooming to higher positions in the areas most popular.

Friday, September 9, 2011

Duties of a Camera Director

Camera Director is a job in television and broadcasting industry. In the United States, Director of the camera is better known as the Director of the multiple-camera. Members of the profession is a quality camera operator or the Director of organizing and directing a few pictures during live events, soap operas, news broadcasts and talk shows. Director of multi-camera must perform some tasks and fill several roles in the preparation and broadcasting of the program.


Camera Directors oversees and directs the filming with many digital cameras. The cameras will be carried out by the operators to concentrate with similar security cameras with automated processes or operate through a combination of both. Multi-Camera directors need to update ourselves constantly about new developments within the industry. You must learn about not only by new discoveries of construction behind closed doors, but should also be aware of new editing software, editing techniques and film stock or video varieties. Camera Directors is also responsible for recruiting and training new talent during operation of the camera and editing.

Multi-Camera monitor drivers live broadcasts, including large sporting events, political and Daily News programmes for the filming. They make the best decisions on-the-spot-camera live events follow the scripts. Camera directors decide to live sporting events, the event or development, instant replay can be of several aspects. They must be ready for unexpected incidents and breaks both front and rear cameras. The camera work in close cooperation with the Board of Directors, camera operators, as well as the lighting and sound engineers, decorators, newsreaders, actors Studio designs or talk-show hosts to achieve the best possible visual experience of the viewers.


Although the directors of the camera are given some independence when the filming of a program, they should also cooperate with producers and, if he has appointed, the Director. Both the producer and the Director will have specific requirements and the requirements for the project. In the case of soap operas, producer and Director show will give the Director of the camera a shooting script and storyboard that specifies Central camera angles and contours of the shots or set. The Director of several cameras a provide advice on technical and creative possibilities and impossibilities regarding the creative vision of the producer and the Director, and to comply with their wishes to the best of its capabilities.


Camera directors are usually trained in the schools of cinema and universities in studies of media with a specialization in camera operations or direct the film. This is usually followed by work experience in the television industry. Depending on skill, experience and talent, have to work from a few months to several years in the television industry to reach the position of director of the Chamber. In contrast to the filmmakers, camera operators and directors working in independent film and TV producers, directors multi-camera are regularly employed by television broadcasting companies and receive a regular paycheck.

Thursday, September 8, 2011

Tips For Using a Television Studio Cameras

Hello, Beraudiovisual's friends. Do you know, the difference between the filming of a television studio and a portable camcorder amateur is like going from a moped to a Harley Davidson. If you shoot in a studio, you're probably working on a talk show or news broadcast, so that this information applies primarily to people.

1. First understand what you do not have to. Exposure is controlled by the video engineer, who is also responsible for ensuring that the cameras are aligned so that the colors match. A good engineer must regularly match the color saturation and to ensure that the emphasis on performance is constant.

2. The cameraman in the studio, you are responsible for focusing, framing and composition. Some leaders are open to show them the proposed strike. Another rule with an iron fist, and want only what they expect. When working in a variety of animals, you know what they want.

3. Understanding third parts of the camera and what they do. You have a studio type viewfinder that displays an image in black and white. You will see the entire video image so that the design, the realization that, after
the release of most TVs will not see the edges you do, then add a margin around your ideal image. Always start with the configuration of your monitor bar. Unlike a camera in the new configuration, ENG, you have no chance to make a diopter adjustment so it is essential that if you need glasses you use them. Choose reading glasses, long distance impostors or even bifocals to ensure a clear direction.

4. Make sure the phone works both ways so you can listen to your manager and contact her. Since working in a direct cut, remember that you are hearing a lot more than you. I pulled many a show without a word to the control room. While the main off-line, had no time for anything but the most important observations of cameramen.

5. From the top you have a camera on a tripod, is to expand the handlebars like a motorcycle. On the left you will find your focus controller, manual tube connected to the cable is pushed in front of goal. When it puts the focus on change. On the right side is the zoom control, which is motorized. Tripod vary depending on configuration. Find out where the locks and drags you have. Cancel locks and make sure that the camera head is perfectly balanced from front to back. If you can not frame a shot and look to drift downwards or upwards. Set the drag so you can apply with equal force and pan and tilt.

6. As soon as you adjust the viewfinde and stand, ask the technician to take the camera away from the bars. Discover how much energy it takes a motorized zoom lens zoom control to achieve the desired speed. I do not know in which direction to push the zoom zoom in and where to go. Orientation, to learn that the direction of changing the focus from the knobs, or closer. You should know instinctively guided, so that you do not think when given the command. In practice, the wheels in motion PEDS truck or doll. Ped up and down to learn a lot about the power you need.

7. Understanding the controls. Others are implied. If they tell you to approach a person will automatically be inclined to give your site the subject's head. Do not forget to tilt down as you zoom. In a study environment that are generally designed to promote a subject, maybe two. The directors hope to keep these people adequately supervised after receiving your order. "To Peter" or "to stand" is a vertical movement of the camera pedestal. Below is the opposite. Dolly inside or outside refers to the camera roll toward or away from someone. Road transport is rolling the camera left or right. D'arc is to create a curve with his camera rolling. Zoom Zoom presses alone. A place is just the opposite. Pan is an axis from left to right in the camera head. Inclination is to turn your head up or down. Be sure to leave a gap of lead, so a person is slightly off center. If you talk about a topic more space on this side.

As mentioned above, you must have the focus back. Be sure to zoom in on your subject's eyes and then extend their framework to the end.


Wednesday, September 7, 2011

Create a Simple Teleprompter

It is possible to build a teleprompter works with your home computer, some software, a cable and a monitor is similar to the teleprompters used by professional television new anchors and politicians. The notable difference is that your screen teleprompter will be next to the camera, then only a professional screen teleprompter uses the one-way glass and is actually placed in front of the camera.

Will need things You : Teleprompter software Monitor with VGA, VGA cable

1. download or purchase software teleprompter. This is a program that will scroll your text to the screen so you can read the words while you appear on camera. There are several programmes of sale, but why pay for one when you can download a free program called prompter  "Prompt! "? A link is provided in the resources section.

2. Install the software teleprompter on your computer and enter the text you want to read out your teleprompter. Write your text in a familiar tone with short sentences and active verbs. Many texts that sound when read you yourself don ' t sound so good when read you aloud.

3. find a monitor with a VGA input. This can be a computer monitor or television. Should be on the side, at least 13 inches wide. Place this just below the camera monitor. If you use a small portable camera and a large monitor, you can insert the camera monitor.

4. we have a long VGA cable, which can stretch from your computer to the monitor. If your computer is in addition to a monitor, you will need about still-foot VGA cable. Connect one end to the VGA output on your computer and the other end into the monitor. You can use your portable computer how to start the reader program and act as the monitor. It will save you the trouble of setting up your monitor and using a cable. However, the portable computer screen have tended to be small. If the words are too small for you to see, then the reader you use.

5. position yourself from a teleprompter and cameras at least 10 feet because teleprompter at langklong. You're actually looking at the camera when you're saving this if you are too close to the teleprompter is farther than it would be noticed.


Tuesday, September 6, 2011

The Cost of AudioVisual Solutions

Once you have your audio-video great concept, it's time to ask: What is the cost of audiovisual solutions to your sales site?


How much should you spend on video equipment depends on what you need to register. If your page design calls for something more stimulating than video testimonials from satisfied customers or some sales pitch from an insider of a company, you can probably get away with a webcam and USB high-end special emphasis on some sounds and lights. If you want to shoot some footage of your product being tested or used in the field, you want to invest more money in a more comprehensive and powerful, something that gives you more interesting lighting options and you can save information in a variety of video formats.

Recording Equipment

All good car will probably be the microphone. No matter that the microphone is something you want to use or not is another matter. Most trains, micro cameras do not give you the ideal voice recording, and make it difficult to develop the final product. The microphone is usually very close to moving parts of the camera for a clear and continuous, leading to ring and disturb the general atmosphere of amateurism. So go cost effective solution for audio recording is not a good idea.

On the other hand, there is no real need to get more expensive in terms of registration. There are many microphones designed for the professional work of film and audio recording professionals. These microphones are designed to eliminate all background noise to capture the full fidelity audio signals, and generally provide the audience with his beautiful and charming. But here's the difference: to store movies and music are themselves the products they are trying to sell.

If you buy a CD of your favorite band and the record is horrible, you feel you have received an inferior product. If you look at a Flash presentation for an operating system with audio recordings doubtful, can not really draw conclusions about the product-what matters is not the clarity of sound, but how the product works in the team .

So the key is to get the audio recording equipment that provides high fidelity sufficient for you to hear all of your dialogue and music well, but that does not break your bank gives you a lot of growth and unnecessary "cherry" . A directional microphone that can often do the trick, and will not cost you more than about $ 20-40 depending on how complicated it is to connect your microphone to your computer, camera or other recording device.

With a little attention to the sound-recording (as discussed in a later chapter), you should not have more than unless you really focuses the sound as a key, or if we do something complicated your sales presentation (which can probably be reduced without any problems.)

It's generally a good idea to spend as much money as your budget allows, when it comes to a control device. After all, it is unlikely that the first Web-enhanced visual audio will be the last. You will have several ideas for products, and you have to build more sites to market and sell.

Thursday, September 1, 2011

Characteristic of Psychic ("How to build characters in the film" PART 2)

Beraudiovisual's friends, earlier I mentioned about the Characteristic of Physical. Now let's look at other characteristics of the film, which is Characteristic of Psychic. Characteristics that should be be explained within the scope of this are about the psychic condition in general, about the character, temperament, ability and imagination and sensitivity.

General Conditions
nervously biting his nails

General psychic condition are, whether the psychic condition is stable or has crashed. Disorders that result in a rather indecisive person, or a bit impulsive, then was considered normal. But the need is expressed in physical motion characteristics, such as frequent blinking, or frequently to remove his hand with a handkerchief as his palms are always wet, or fast becoming a stutter. Especially if he were facing tensions. Incorporating unusual movements as experienced actors psychic picture story, may be a unique feature of the relevant figures.

if trained a little, it will be great

Talent is the ability of a person's inherited, innate, such as artistic talent, talent leads, trade. That is, these people are easy to work in the field that had been mentioned. Talented people singing, melodious voice immediately, if trained a little, it will be great, according to his talent level. Maybe her mother or grandmother was a singer.
This talent is something that is commonly known to people in general. If the audience knows that the little girl Lola who is not gifted to sing, her voice flat, his mother was forced to take singing lessons so she could be like Whitney Houston, then the audience can soon expect a disaster for Lola.

The ability of Imagination
The ability of imagination is actually a talent too, but we separate them because it might have from hard work and so on, until he was able to imagine new products or new forms of business. But beginners are successful, certainly has the talent to himself.
A village headman who has the imaginative ability, has many ideas to develop the village and its people by using the self that he created himself. Medium, another headman who graduate but do not have any imagination, just a lot of complaining because he has received development funds are too small.
parents may be insensitive

People who have a sense is a person who is easy to feel symptoms he faced. Easy to understand that his neighbor was annoyed by his family. Or he's easy to feel the suffering of the people around him.
A pair of parents may be insensitive, can not feel pain and loneliness experienced by their children, because both are too busy with their own business. Insensitivity of parents like that at all abnormal. All parents in the village which is still normal, certainly can not justify the insensitivity of parents to their children. Because, usually the parents must be very fond of their children. Especially mothers. Such insensitivity is caused definite psychic shocks of big city living conditions are harsh.
Character is formed by nature

Important Character
Character are trait that settle to someone, such as diligent, lazy, ill-tempered, timid, shameless, patient, extroverts (introverts), low self-esteem, pride, confident (confident that low / high / excessive, and such). Character is formed by nature and impact received during his years. That need to be disclosed in the story alone would have been an important character of the characters, which were linked with the story. Nature received from parents. Being, the influence that include education, experience, fun and hard, strong influences it receives, the influence of the environment, work environment, the environment hobbies, and so on.

The spirit of life
High-spirited person

High-spirited person would struggle to achieve his goals. But person who spirit of life is weak, he will easily break when faced with obstacles. That is, a zest for life are directly related to the power of one's action. Thus, it is required to be disclosed in the scenario, especially with the example of follow-horn, so the audience can anticipate in form of struggle that will be conducted by leaders in the fight against the obstacles.

That explanation of the characteristics of psychic. Next, we'll see about the characteristics of the mind, to next article. Up here, there are not you understand? hopefully can help you to be able to produce better film.

Characteristic of Physical ("How to build characters in the film" PART 1)

Beraudiovisual's Friends, do you know that the audience would be interested in watching a movie if the characters were interesting. That is, the characters are not ordinary characters but can be accepted by the audience.

Does it should be the real figures?
Who can say Rambo figure, McGyver, or the character James Bond was real? They accepted only by the imagination of spectators. Precisely figure who really real at times even difficult to accept the audience because of the lack of supporting information that can make it interesting.
James Bond is not a real figure

Spectators can be made interested in the figures, if the characterization of these figures is made clear. In general, basic information about the characters that need to be disclosed to the audience is to include:

1. characteristic of the physical / biological
2. characteristic of psychic
3. characteristic of the mind
4. characteristic of cultural

Let us begin to discuss one by one. First of all, are physical characteristics / biological.
Physical characteristic are included name, age, height, weight, physical specificity, body movements, facial expressions, etc..
Person's name is also sometimes able to explain the ethnic origin and may also show interest and social level. People with the name Kris Patikawa could soon be known by almost all the audience from which the region of origin, especially Pardjo Legowo. Try to guess the origin of the Edi Silitonga, Michelle Kim, and Erick Catwalk. Predictable is not it?


The person whose name Sarimin, for Javanese show he came from below, different from the person whose
Name is important
name Joyokusumo. Named Ahmad, Aisha, and so on, shows the character of a family close to the Islamic religion. Characters that use the name Westernized, have a tendency as Christians, especially if it has a baptismal name. Robert Tanumiharja or Michael Bunawan be thought to have come from ethnic Chinese, because adapting the Tan clan and Bun.
 So naming the character (fictional) should be considered in order to give effect to the audience an understanding of these names. That name should be easily pronounced by the player. If the name is hard to say, it will make the pronunciation of the name is not so clear from the mouth of the actor. Avoid names of actors in a movie about the same sound, this will cause confusion to hear, such as the name Elin and Elen, or there are two characters named Ira and Fira.

Age makes a different character
Age is very important to be disclosed in the scenario. So that the reader, either director or actors, can make interpretation of the attitude and manner appropriate response. Since Angelica is 17 years old will have a different attitude in front of his father's employees, compared with 30-year-old Angelica.

Determination of age of these players should be supported by any form of action the offender. That is, if the actors is determined 35 year-old Brenda and normal psychic, then all behavior must be described that she was a normal woman in that age normally. Different if it is determined that he was flirtatious, but it should also be flirtatious age of 35 years. If she's sassy as a child of 17 years, people would say the character is weak.

How tall, weight, and specificity of physical shape is also important to apply to the scenario. Tall, short, skinny, sexy, slim, tall, stocky, would greatly affect one's attitude. A stocky usually knows himself, if he applies flirty,

Identification of diferent physic
then the character has a disability, otherwise it will upset the audience. Burly-looking man or woman who is beautiful body, would seem more confident. But it certainly could have been a well-built, it would seem weak with mental disorders has. Seven Samurai movie makes character with thick dimension by creating a character, but emaciated fighting experts.

Appearance is very important to explain, because the tall, skinny, short, only sectoral information. Appearance are totality that can represent the personality of the characters. It could be a physically less, giving the appearance of sympathetic and impressive, while the flawless looks and athletic body, looking obnoxious.

Body movement
Movement actors are often not included in many of our scenarios. Until the pages of the scenario there was
only a dialogue, as in the dramatizations. Actually, in a conversation scene, shall be shown how the dialogue is spoken and how the responses given in the action. When John insult to Steve, and who despised it just take it easy, then the audience will make an important interpretation of the Steve. Questions can be answered with action, should not the dialogue again. Actor can be ordered to move to give break to answer, or delay the answer to increase the tension.


Facial Expressions
Facial expression are reflection of the psychological disorder. Even his health condition. At the very least,
need to explain what the expression is, in outline, and if there are typical. As expressions of fierce, scary, cool, cloudy. It can also be combined with each other. with facial expressions as opposed to the mental condition. For example, a person known as a detractor, but his face is always shown friendly smiles. But of course the actor should be able to transform the face is always smiling and the audience still able to capture that character portraying the slanderers. Eyes as well so have an important role. Screenwriter must include a good description that can be turned on by the actor who plays a relevant role, so the audience can give the right perception, even without the help of dialogue.

Some of the above is included in the physical characteristics / biological. The next characteristic we will discuss in next article
characteristic of psychic. How? Can be understood? If there are less understood, or there are additional, please comment: D


Brief History Of Television (The Birth of Television / TV))

Beraudiovisual's friends, in this article I'll discuss a bit about the history of television (TV). You all must have a television at home. But do you know how the early history of television itself? 

In 1873 a telegraph operator from Valentia, Ireland, named Joseph May found that "the light affects the electrical resistance of selenium." He realized it could be used to convert light into electrical current by using a photocell silenium (selenium photocell). Joseph May along Willoughby Smith (technician from the "Telegraph Construction Maintenance Company") do some further experiments reported in the "Journal of the Society of Telegraph Engineers". This is the beginning of the image recording technology. 

After some time, then created a small metal plate that can rotate with holes in it, by a student named Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow (1860-1940) or better known as Paul Nipkow in Berlin, Germany, in 1884 and referred to as the forerunner to the birth of television. Around 1920 John Logie Baird (1888-1946) and Charles Francis Jenkins (1867-1934) used the work of Paul Nipkow disc to create a system of image capture, transmission, and reception. They make the entire television system is based on the mechanical motion systems, both in broadcasting and reception. At that time undiscovered electrical components vacuum tube (Cathode Ray Tube) 

In those days, the development of electronic television experience obstacles in its development. This is because television is more expensive mechanical and resilient. Other obstacles are very difficult to obtain financial support for research on electronic TV when the TV mechanic considered able to work very well at that time. No registration until Vladimir Zworykin (1889-1982) and Philo T. Farnsworth (1906-1971) managed by the electronic TV. With low cost and the results went well, then people at the time it gradually began to leave the TV mechanics and replace them with electronic TV. 

Vladimir Zworykin, who was one of several experts in those days, had help from David Sarnoff (1891-1971), Senior Vice President of RCA (Radio Corporation of America). Sarnoff has been a lot of very concerned about the development of mechanical television, and electronic TV would have predicted the future a better commercial. Moreover, Philo Farnsworth also managed to get sponsors to support the idea and took to compete with Vladimir. 

Television History's Video
Both Farnsworth and Zworykin, working separately, and both succeeded in making progress for a TV commercial with a very affordable cost. In 1935, they began to broadcast using a fully electronic system. Their main competitors are the Baird Television, which was first broadcast since 1928, using entirely mechanical system. At that very few people have televisions, and they have generally modest quality. In those days the TV screen size is only about three to eight inches just so mechanical and electronic competition is not so obvious, but the competition was there. 

RCA TV, TT5 Type 1939, RCA and Zworykin ready for a regular TV program, and they demonstrate on a large scale at the World Fair in New York. Enthusiastic people who are so greatly to this electronic system, causing "the National Television Standards Committee" [NTSC], 1941, decided it was time to standardize the transmission of television broadcast system in America. Five months later, all American television stations, amounting to 22 item, already convert the system into the new electronic standard. 

In the first years, while world economic recession, the price of a television set is very expensive. When prices began to fall, the American second world war. After the war, television included in the golden era. Unfortunately in those days all people can only see it in black and white format. 

Vintage RCA 621TS Television 1946 CRT
CBS actually had more first build color system a few years before his rival RCA. But their systems are not compatible with most black and white TV in the entire country. CBS has spent a lot of cost for the color they should be aware of the fact that their job ends in vain. Learning from the experience of CBS, RCA began to build a color system according to its own format. They quickly create a color system that is able to be accepted in black and white or color systems. After the RCA demonstrated the ability of their systems, the NTSC format and then used as a reference standard for commercial broadcasting in 1953. 

As time goes by and the development of technology, television from time to time start a lot of improvements and additions in terms of technology. For television the next time slowly began to leave the analog technology and stepped into an era that is called digital television with the ability and better quality than the previous generation of technology commonly known as IPTV [Internet Protocol Television]. 

That is a brief history of television. Hopefully Beraudiovisual's friends got a lot of knowledge after reading it.


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I am a film editor who currently lectures at one private university in Yogyakarta. incorporated in AVIKOM (Audio-Visual Communication)