Sunday, September 18, 2011

The Importance of Lighting in Film Production

Film has integrated the various elements of the story to change the script of life in a story on the screen. Among the technical elements - sound, lighting and editing - the lighting is a special role. In theater, the audience views the motion picture with synchronized audio track. All visual impressions on the viewer depends on how the proper lighting.

Although you can choose from a variety of kits available on the market of lighting conditions, but some of the basics, you can also build a working light kit using components commonly available and inexpensive. From a local hardware store you can buy the lights of metal reflectors, which are used in repair shops. These can be hung on a clip closed, and portable. You can use the bulbs the desired effect and color them.

The other extension is very useful, you must have a good stock of them. You need it, almost everywhere, but especially for lighting. You can also have an adjustable, said three-feet. These can be used to mount clips or lights with light diffusers. To have a white board to balance the white light, while the film will be something else useful to do. These can also be used as reflectors to bounce light on an object.

The last item in your toolbox will be a light diffuser. It is a kind of white see-through thin. To shed light on this issue on one side and diffuse, or shall we say, "spread" the light coming from the other side and the brightness. With this technique, the object does not seem too bright or "hot".
You should be aware that no light is always white and have different colors. Normally, you will discover when you begin using the camera. For example, if you draw a night in a room that has a tungsten bulb, the movie will be yellow. Similarly, the fluorescent light gives green. If you pull out, the effect of light is blue, especially if you shoot in a shadow.

If you want an impressive effect of natural light, hit the target when the sun goes down. The light at this time gives a wonderful light caramel color. But you have only minutes to complete your shot before the sun goes down. However, if you're smart and keep ready, you can take great pictures. You can use this time for your filming activities, particularly in the latter part of months of spring or summer of the year.

You might also like to learn the basics of 3-point lighting standards in place that is the standard technique used by camera men and photographers. As its name suggests, uses three lights for different purposes: the light shines first or main object is deleted the second light in the shadow of the first light, and a third light is used behind the subject to the incorporation of the dimension of object. You can adjust the lights to achieve the desired result you want. This technique of birth to three points, is widely used in different ways. So you may want to practice this technique and see how it works.


Saturday, September 17, 2011

Build Home Studio to Record Voice Over

Beraudiovisual’s friends, are you need to put a home studio to record the voice for home videos, indie/independent productions, film and more?

Do you have a computer with a sound card that can act as your DVR? Just add a little low-cost equipment and recording software on your PC, and can produce high quality recordings of voice easily and efficiently. What other equipment do you need?


To get your voice on your computer, you need a microphone. Do not use a bit of shit comes with your computer. High quality abundant cheap microphones and sound much better than that crap. For work in basic votes, I suggest that SM58 Shure SM57 is or. They are rugged, dynamic microphone that sounds good. The SM58 is ideal for female voice, as it reduces wheezing (Esses excessive) in some way. Men can choose from. The two microphones are available from music or audio equipment suppliers for less than Rp. 850.000. Also, get a microphone cable and a desktop computer a good position to hold the microphone while speaking.

Mic preamp.

Microphones put a small amount of electricity that the signal must be amplified. Sound card microphone preamplifier includes necessary. Unfortunately, like the cheapo mic that comes with the box, most of the mic preamps sound card is too noisy for serious work. If necessary you can use, but at least use a better microphone.
For the preamp, you can choose a small mixer to work with your microphone or a dedicated unit. Mixers essentially allows to connect several microphones and other devices (like a CD player) in one location and adjust their volumes independently. The Behringer mixer EURORACK MX602A between 6 microphone inputs, level control, and cost less than Rp. 500.000 Alternatively, two good choices for stand-alone mic preamps include DBX mini pre-tube preamp and the ART Tube MP Studio V3 preamp. Both are under Rp. 1.000.000 and available from the same sources mentioned above.

If you do not invest a lot of high-quality recording microphones, faulty, and your computer's audio interface. Two better choices are mic. For the purposes of pre-amplifier, select a device interface and preamp combination of audio, such as equipment Duo Edirol UA-5 or M-Audio.

Speakers and headphones.

While your computer speakers are adequate for recording, editing and finishing of basic laptops built to serve no purpose. Invest in some decent powered speakers, such as the Roland MA-8 micro monitors, and use them instead. Play back your recordings on a variety of stereo systems, car, etc. to control how they could be transferred to other environments. You can not listen to the speakers when you save, because they receive feedback when the microphone is on. Wear closed-ear noise that keeps leaking them to be picked up by the microphone.

Recording software.

Choose recording software with editing facilities to correct errors, the compilation of the best pieces, add music and / or sound effects, creating special effects, and deliver your finished voice tracks in the formats you need. A "light" version of a program of professional recording is Sonic Foundry, Sound Forge Studio.

Recording space in silence.

Its aim is to record a track clear, intimate voice, and that means keeping noise and the sound of the room outside the recording is finished. Professional recording in a sound booth specifically designed to keep noise and the sounds they make beautiful voice. These costs thousands of dollars and are a little more realistic for informal work. An article full, walk-in works as a taxi of his fortune, however.

Getting a good

The basic integrated sound card has three connectors: Mic-in, line and the line (or headphones) to the outside. Connect the device to connect the microphone to the mixer (or preamp), and connect the device to the output of the line sound card Connect the headphones, too. (If you have dedicted external interface that plugs into that. E 'connected to a computer via a USB port.)

Next, set the volume to a mixer (or preamp), using the controls and level meters. Start talking, watch his feet, and slowly turn up the volume until you get to almost 0 (zero), without going over.

Start the software that controls your sound card (it's usually the little speaker icon in the system tray). This is where you choose your recording source (LINE IN) and adjust its volume. Put this on 100% all the way up, and check your recording levels with your external mixer or preamp.

Start with audio recording software and get ready to save. Records mono, not stereo and CD quality (16 bit and 44kHz sample rate). You will notice that the audio software is not set the level of control, but do not rely on the meters when recording. Never, never more than 0 (zero) to a digital level meter. All this above the level of the distorted sound bad. He wants all the loud noise would fall below 0 for most digital well below the level (between -6 - 15 dB).

Mic technique

Greatly improve the sound recordings, closer to the microphone. The farther away from you, the more you earn the room around you. Your voice sounds thin and distant, like a movie at home. Closer, and your voice is intimate, the voice of the narrator prototype. Another advantage is closer to the microphone, you can increase the lower frequencies in your voice, and that can make the sound more powerful. How close? Put your lips 4-6 inches apart, about the width of your hand. Do not speak into the microphone. Instead, the position above the nose pointed down to his lips. Also, do not place the mic dead center of the lips. Move slightly to the right, for example, 20 degrees off axis. This leaves a clear understanding of the script, too.

Of course, finding their area of registration of any aircraft noise, such as computer fans. Put some distance between the microphone and the noise source. Also, avoid salty foods immediately before the recording session. It takes a little close to the warm water and apply some lip balm. They keep the mouth and lips lubricated. Eating a few slices of apple can help overcome the dryness of the mouth, too.

When you are ready to save, turning away from the microphone. Take a deep breath. Exhale. Take another deep breath. Open your mouth, back to the microphone and begin speaking. This technique eliminates the net consumption of smell and lip breathing, which often occurs when you start talking.

Speak slowly and clearly. You can always increase the recording during the editing stage. If you make a mistake, return to the closest phrase to start again and continue, even if you only one or two voice errors. Cut in a voice or phrase is difficult and does not seem natural.

Editing Records

There is no need to nail all in one take. Record the highest number of run-through, and the need to assemble the best of the last recording. Listen and evaluate what you did. Everything is there that you need? Sound good? It is the right level (not too low, does not distort)? Otherwise, go back and re-record the bits you need, listen, and repeat until you are satisfied.

Change the sound is like editing a voice processing program. You will not see the voices, but you can not see two-dimensional presentation of voices as sound waveforms. And you can hear the voices while playing. You can manipulate the waveforms as a move from voices on the Voice Processor. Cut, copy, paste all the techniques you're already familiar with the subject during audio editing.

Before you start editing, turn off the microphone, disconnect the headphones, speakers and go. It 'clear, to remove what is not necessary, as a clear his throat before he started talking, no talking between takes, strange voices, and so on. After removing the waste, to move towards improved performance. If you have several companies in the script, finding the best takes and build the last version of them.

Listen to the fundamental changes they make. I think that taking a long break, you can approach the records again with fresh ears. You can do better? The volume is constant? Do you hear noise, background noise or other unwanted parts could be eliminated or reduced?

After editing the voice, you can add sound effects or music to soften the last version. To add music with Sound Forge, open the music file on your audio software, select and copy to the clipboard. You may have to cut the music to match the duration of the voice recording in the first place. Next, place the cursor at the beginning of the voice recording and select Edit; Paste special blend. "Here you can control the level of the music (source) in connection with his voice (target). Ensure that the mixture again to ensure that you can listen to the recording of voice clearly with the background music.

As a last step, the use of software standardization process to maximize the volume of the audio recording. Select the entire signal and normalization of -0.10 dB (98.86%). Save this file in audio format you need, for example, MP3.

Now, you are ready to have a great voice over!

Friday, September 16, 2011

The Most Powerful Weapon of Filmmaker

The most important low-budget filmmaker is creative mind. It all starts with the original idea, there is a question of nourishment that thought until it grows to be a great idea. After that, it's something to this idea of making the film in every ounce of energy and resources, you may be able to bring up.

Movies are the most successful film festivals these days with films that were made in a fraction of the cost required to make a major Hollywood film studio. Technological advances have made that anyone can make a film. Film cameras, video cameras, sound recording equipment, and almost any other type of equipment you need to make a film can be bought at a very affordable price today. The computer that is available these days can provide a low-budget film with a very low production value that looks like James Cameron had something to do with the project. This professional look, along with a unique story can help any film likely to be accepted into film festivals such as Busan Film Festival, AVFEST (AVIKOM Festival), Toronto Film Festival, Sundance, etc.

Try as they might, the major Hollywood film studios never have a monopoly on creativity. They spend millions of dollars on search marketing in an effort to understand exactly what the audience of the film is the appearance of the world when they go to the films. Despite these efforts, we still have not found a formula. The tastes of the people going to the films are hard to predict how an earthquake is on the ground changes all the time. Because of this, the door remains open for creative professionals in the world to enter the game. All you need to do is come up with a unique idea that can turn into a film, enter your film in festivals such as Sundance, and then let the judges decide. While large studies have attempted to take over the festival circuit in recent years, provided the children with small, however, films are king creative in this realm.

It does not cost as much as you might think to make a film, that you can participate in competitions such as the Sundance Film Festival. Sony plans to release a line of high-definition camcorders that are perfect for those who want to make films with small budget. Even if the films are made of these cameras is described as a "film" (as the films were from the beginning), are (almost) seem to have been. These new cameras are able to provide high quality images, which is comparable to the image that the film offers. Two cameras are the PDW-F330 and PDW-F350, and offer all types of film properties, even the most faithful to the film a professional director to be respected. Both cameras offer true 24p recording in SD or HD, interval recording of shooting and recording a pair of lenses. F350 model also offers true variable frame rate recording which is also called "slow motion / fast motion" features.

Features like this are invaluable for anyone to make a low budget film, because it allows them to include motion effects in their films without the help of a cheap film camera or a film lab to high prices . Both cameras will be on the market in March 2006. The F350 costs about 25 000, while the F330 model will cost only about $ 16,000. PDW-F30 decks will be available in June through the 9000th These are small prices to pay to be a self sufficient independent filmmaker.

A filmmaker on a budget you can invest in an HD video camera and relatively cheap housing and have everything you need to make films as well as the mind and body can handle. All you need after a creative mind, a few thousand dollars, some friends of his actors and ambitious team, the screenwriting software such as Final Draft and a strong desire to make a film. They do not have to worry about the high cost of film, developing film, or film to DVD transfer. All you need is your camera and a $ 30 drive (23.3 GB) and will be filming an entire film. Buy a camera records is much cheaper than the films and buying all the baggage that comes with it financial.

When they shoot their film with one of these cameras, a filmmaker on a budget goes directly to their computer with the disk and start editing it using one of the many editing programs available that are affordable to our days such as Final Cut Pro. They can do all the work of post-production for their films on their computer at home as long as they are willing to take a load of the mother of their professional responsibilities.

Technology has made independent filmmakers to bypass many costly steps in the process of the film. Instead of paying a lot of people in millions of rupiahs an hour to film services are available only in cities like Jakarta and Bandung, they can now do all of these steps in the comfort of their own home on their own computer.

For anyone who has ever had a dream of making his own film, there's no better time than now to get there. The playing field was leveled in terms of technology, but also need a creative story to get anywhere on the festival circuit. Affordable equipment can be put down, but we must make a good game to win. A creative mind is your best player in this game, so if you have that part in charge of you are half way to make your vision a reality film. Feed your creative idea until it becomes a single script, then devote his life to making the script into a film. If your idea is as good as you think it is what you will do very well on the festival circuit. If this happens, could lead to a distribution agreement decent film. If you stick with it and keep making films that you can even find that you have made a career as a professional artist who makes independent films, and that dreams really can come true.


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I am a film editor who currently lectures at one private university in Yogyakarta. incorporated in AVIKOM (Audio-Visual Communication)