Monday, August 1, 2011

Be A Cameraman

Hello beraudiovisual's friends. Did u know, being a cameraman is a challenge. For beraudiovisual's friends who want to become a cameraman, these are important things you should know.
Camera Language

Camera language is the language of international broadcast standards. So the language is commonly used in any television station.

ECU: Extreme close-ups (a detail shot)

VCU: Very close-up (shot face, from forehead to chin)

BCU: Big close-ups (whole head)

CU: Close-up (from head to chest)

MCU: Medium close-up (from head to

MS: Medium shot (whole body before the foot)

Knee: Knee Shoot (from head to knees)

MLS: Medium long shot (whole body)

LS: Long shot (whole, ¾ to 1 / 3 screen height)

ELS: Extra long shot (XLS), a more extreme long shot

Zoom In: Object as if it came to kameraZoom Out: Object as if away from the camera

Pan Up: The camera moves (up) to the top

Pan Down: The camera moves down

Tilt Up: same as the pan up

Tilt Down: the same as the pan down

Pan Left: The camera shifts to the left

Pan Right: The camera shifts to the right

Track In: ​​The camera tracks (moved) closer to the object

Track Out: The camera tracks (moving) away from the object

Dolly In: the same track in

Dolly Out: same track out

For this type of shot that is often used is:

Long Shot or Full Shot, overall
Wide Shot or Cover Shot, the whole object in the scene
Tight Shot or Close Shot, visible detail
Shooting Groups of people, can be single shot, two shot, three shot etc. the whole picture.

Types of Cameras

Studio Cameras

The camera of this type in addition to having its own capabilities there are also some adjustment is controlled, the tool named camera control unit or better known as the CCU. As with other types of camera systems, studio cameras will be resting on alignment circuits but the digital techniques now have pre-set at all tuning circuitry, especially in a modern studio camera.
Due to the size of the studio cameras are very severe then the studio cameras are usually mounted on a dolly to be moved or shifted subtly.

Broadcast Camera Portable
The camera of this type is more slender, suitable for use in studios and in the field. With a zoom lens and the viewfinder is larger then the portable cameras are also used in the production studio. And because it is more slender than studio camera, the camera unit is able to work in the field directly. Portable camera has all the necessary circuitry and has an automatic functions. The camera of this type also has a videotape recorder as part of the camera body. Lightweight Lightweight Camera or Camera For the needs of manufacturers in the field also makes the type of camera light. Similar to the type of portable cameras, but these types of cameras even smaller. Can be used hand-held or tripod use. Small Camera This camera is more popularly known as camcorders. Kind of small, made as consideration for a cheap price. Used for home use, camcorders often found on the market. Electronic Sinematrography this camera type is the type of television camera designed with characters who resemble movie cameras. Using a tape which then transferred into celluloid form.

Parts of the Camera

Normal television cameras specially designed to suit specific applications. A studio camera for example, has a large viewfinder so the cameraman can easily correct the focus accurately. A news cameraman would be more comfortable with a compact camera as it is easy to carry even have to move where. Lens of the camera lens is the "eye" that berfugsi receive images naturally. The camera lens has peyesuai area, this type of lens called a zoom lens., But a fixed lens system most widely used. Beam Splitter (splitter light) In the system of color tv, color natural images sebenanya divided into three identical versions of the light is red, green and blue direflesikan of a subject. This can be done by three methods, namely

Dichroic mirror
Special block prism
or striped Filter

The camera tube, solid-state image sensors (CCD) Simply put, the top of the television cameras have 3 componen tube, divided into red, green, and blue in color images. Information in detail and brightness (luminance) emitted from the received composite color wave. CCD video camera now has a sophisticated, according to the types of cameras who were excluded. The location of the viewfinder Viewfinder lajimnya at least over the camera or on the left side of the camera. Viewfinder has yayar monochrome or black and white, but now there is also that already has a color screen. Mounting the camera mounting is the very bottom of the camera that function to rest the camera on a tripod, so the camera can be moved as desired from the cameraman.

Camera Control

All types of cameras have three sequence control: To re-adjustment during the retrieval gambarPenyesuaian diinginkanAtau condition when the change when the camera is "silenced alone". In most studio cameras tuned control on CCU separate from the camera. A Man CCU will control the color balance of light and dark and the other so the resulting images can be maximized. So a cameraman will concentrate on the framing alone. The question is, what if the cameraman using a portable camera or camera combo So the camera settings a cameraman must have the ability to set the camera settings. Camera Lenses camera lens camera is the eye or heart of the camera itself, a cameraman should be concerned right. System on the camera lens normally has three adjustment or adjustments that can be adjusted manually or semi-automatic. Focus, setting the distance where the image should be clear / fokus.f-stop, setting the variable iris diaphragm in lensaZoom, change the focal distance (focal length) adjusted how many views / images can be achieved. Overall that can be done on the control lens is that image or shot can be clear / focus, the image can have a depth or depth of field fine day, shot a good angle, and the "size" of the desired image. Angle lenses generally have a proportion of 4:3 television screen. The camera lens can normally capture images with the same proportion, 4:3. This becomes the reference count of how we can harness angle lens or angle lens. In addition to the normal lens, there are also narrow lens for shooting distant and widelens, to get an image more broadly. Control the zoom control serves to zoom closer to or away objects. This key code found on the W (wide angle) and T (Telephoto). If the zoom button is pressed on the W code then the picture or object appear closer (zoom in), if the zoom control dg T code pressed then the object will stay away (zoom out). Focus To make the image into focus, set or adjust the lens focus ring rotat. It can also be adjusted by changing the zoom control. Focus will also be much easier if the object that we have enough light shooting. f-numbers (f-stops) f-stop can actually be counted. It's just like the still photo lens (tustel). These figures are f/1.4 2 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22 32. In fact these figures could be 3.5 4.5 3.6 typically used. For example in the first aperture of f / 8 to f / 4 means brighter images fourfold. In order to have a good depth of field should have adequate lighting. Exposure and Iris People often assume that a good picture is a bright picture. In fact this is not always true. The truth is that if an object has the correct tones. In a standard camera has an auto-iris, if this facility is enabled, then the lens will automatically set them, open the lens cavity. Auto-iris is useful when a cameraman have to move around the place where the lighting is not necessarily the same. Unfortunately, if this facility is used sometimes object to be not constant. So the good news is that this facility is used first, then use a manual iris. If moving the location or do it with different lighting auto iris back, estela it back to manual.

Types of Mounting


Camera Tripod

Collapsible Tripod
Pneumatic Tripod
Rolling Tripod or Tripod Dolly

Camera Pedestal

Pedestal Field

Pedestal Studio

Camera Crane

Motorized dolly
Large cranes

Special Mounting

Low shot (Low tripod, high hat, camera SLED)

High Shot (Camera Clamp, Hydraulic platforms, SkyCam)

Equipment should be prepared before shooting

In order not to miss any shooting equipment, usually made Pre-rehearseal checkout list. Among them:

Preliminaries (camera checked whether alive? Or need to warm up first)
Camera cable (make sure all the cables nicely)
Mounting / placemat camera
Cable guards (serves to secure the camera)
Lens cap (lens cover), so the lens is dust and so on.
Focus (check whether the focus is good)
Zoom (checks whether the zoom can run normally)
Camera Batteries


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I am a film editor who currently lectures at one private university in Yogyakarta. incorporated in AVIKOM (Audio-Visual Communication)